THIRD COURTYARD

The third courtyard is situated above the western part of the former early medieval residence of Bohemian princes and kings and the location of the most important structures such as the rotunda and later basilica of St Vitus. There were also…

ST VITUS ROTUNDA AND BASILICA, MONASTERY OF THE PRAGUE CHURCH AND EPISCOPAL PALACE

Perhaps as early as the 920s, Prince Wenceslas founded a rotunda consecrated to Saint Vitus in the very centre of Prague Castle, on the site that dominated the eastern part of the Hradčany promontory. After his body was transferred from Stará…

ROYAL CANONRY OF PREMONSTRATENSIANS AT STRAHOV

Monastery with the Remains of Romanesque Structures

Strahov Monastery, one of the crucial religious compounds in Prague, occupies a prominent position above the Lesser Town basin. Its early days are closely bound to the ruling Přemyslid dynasty. The foundations for the Premonstratensian monastery …

PRAŠNÝ MOST (POWDER BRIDGE)

With the Habsburg accession to the Bohemian throne after the Battle of Mohács (1526), Prague Castle was extensively reconstructed into a Renaissance residence which was most reflected in the adaptation of the adjacent area behind the Brusnice Stream…

SAINT GEORGE’S MONASTERY AND BASILICA AT PRAGUE CASTLE

Prior to 921, Prince Vratislav I founded the Church of Saint George as the second church at Prague Castle. It soon functioned as a burial ground where the remains of Princess Ludmila were transferred in 925. Later, Boleslav I dedicated St George…

EARLY MEDIEVAL FORTIFICATION AND NORTHERN WING OF PRAGUE CASTLE

The first fortification elements, transverse moats, were first discovered in the northern wing of the castle and may be related to its historical beginnings in the second half of the 9th century. The moats appear to have been complemented by a…

CHURCH OF THE VIRGIN MARY

According to historical sources, the Church of the Virgin Mary is the first sacral structure in Prague. Bořivoj, the first historically recorded Bohemian prince, probably founded it in 885. Over time, it has attracted the attention of everybody…

BURIAL GROUND, EXECUTION GROUND, AND ST MATTHEW CHAPEL ON LORETÁNSKÉ SQUARE

In the past, the narrative sources not only associated the area of the current Loretánské Square with supernatural phenomena, which were connected with the beginnings of Christianity in Bohemia, but also with drastic stories indicating that one of…