EARLY ROMANESQUE BASILICA OF SAINT LAWRENCE AND ITS PRECURSOR

Vyšehrad and Its Earliest Remaining Structures from the Early Middle Ages

The Vyšehrad compound with the remains of early medieval architecture is one of the few places where visitors may see an authentic space of archeologically uncovered structures ranking among the oldest architectural monuments in Bohemia. Moreover,…

TYN COURT (UNGELT)

Tyn Court is one of the well-preserved medieval courts, from time immemorial regarded as a witness of the earliest history of the settlement below Prague Castle. It is recorded in written sources from the rule of Bořivoj II (1100–1107) and in…

THIRD COURTYARD

The third courtyard is situated above the western part of the former early medieval residence of Bohemian princes and kings and the location of the most important structures such as the rotunda and later basilica of St Vitus. There were also…

ŠÁRKA VALLEY

Prehistoric Settlement Region and Early Medieval Šárka Hillfort

An elevated settlement on the summit of Šesták Rock, a rocky promontory protruding above the valley from Liboc on the east, was the centre of the prehistoric settlement in the valley of the Šárka Stream. The local findings gave name to the middle…

REMAINS OF THE MEDIEVAL BASILICA OF SAINTS PETER AND PAUL AND THE ROMANESQUE ‘BRIDGE’

St Peter’s Basilica (in the 12th century renamed the Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul) was founded by Prince Vratislav II around 1070 as a chapter church. It has undergone a complex building development, the evidence of which is hidden under…

ST VITUS ROTUNDA AND BASILICA, MONASTERY OF THE PRAGUE CHURCH AND EPISCOPAL PALACE

Perhaps as early as the 920s, Prince Wenceslas founded a rotunda consecrated to Saint Vitus in the very centre of Prague Castle, on the site that dominated the eastern part of the Hradčany promontory. After his body was transferred from Stará…

ROYAL CANONRY OF PREMONSTRATENSIANS AT STRAHOV

Monastery with the Remains of Romanesque Structures

Strahov Monastery, one of the crucial religious compounds in Prague, occupies a prominent position above the Lesser Town basin. Its early days are closely bound to the ruling Přemyslid dynasty. The foundations for the Premonstratensian monastery …

FORMER MILITARY QUARTERS OF GEORGE OF PODĚBRADY (PALLADIUM)

Romanesque housing ruins

One of the largest archaeological researches in the centre of Prague was carried out on the site of the present Palladium Shopping Centre which covered the former riding school and the remaining residue of the military quarters main building.…

VINOŘ HILLFORT

Polycultural Locality – Early Přemyslid Hillfort and High Medieval Fortress

Archaeologists have been familiar with the locality since the 19th century. In the 1980s, a detailed plan of the hillfort was produced and surface collection was carried out. The Institute of Archaeology of the Faculty of Arts of Charles University…

SAINT GEORGE’S MONASTERY AND BASILICA AT PRAGUE CASTLE

Prior to 921, Prince Vratislav I founded the Church of Saint George as the second church at Prague Castle. It soon functioned as a burial ground where the remains of Princess Ludmila were transferred in 925. Later, Boleslav I dedicated St George…

ZÁVIST AND ŠANCE HILLFORTS

The most extensive Celtic fortification system in Bohemia at the turn of the Early and Late Iron Age and the later Celtic oppidum

The Hradiště Hill towering about 200 metres above the Vltava right riverbank, is situated along the south border of Prague and overlooks the Vltava and Berounka confluence. On the northeast, its slopes descend to the Břežany Stream valley, on the…

HOSTIVAŘ HILLFORT

Early Iron Age hillfort

The existence of the Hostivař Hillfort has been known since the early 20th century. It is situated on a flat, nearly rectangular hillock slightly descending from east to west. Steep slopes, encircled by the Botič Stream on the south, west, and north…

KOTLÁŘOVSKÝ HOUSE WITH THE JUDITH BRIDGE REMAINS

Remains of the Romanesque Bridge and Paving

The location of the house and its closest vicinity is associated with Judith Bridge – a prominent building technology monument which has not survived. Vladislaus II, Duke and later King of Bohemia, and his wife Judith of Thuringia initiated…

ANGEL’S COLLEGE ROMANESQUE HOUSE

The three-storeyed house is one of the first recognised Romanesque houses which, in the time of its discovery, was exceptionally well preserved. The history of the house may be tracked to 1383 when it was in the possession of the All Saints…

EARLY MEDIEVAL FORTIFICATION AND NORTHERN WING OF PRAGUE CASTLE

The first fortification elements, transverse moats, were first discovered in the northern wing of the castle and may be related to its historical beginnings in the second half of the 9th century. The moats appear to have been complemented by a…

CHURCH OF THE VIRGIN MARY

According to historical sources, the Church of the Virgin Mary is the first sacral structure in Prague. Bořivoj, the first historically recorded Bohemian prince, probably founded it in 885. Over time, it has attracted the attention of everybody…

THE BENEDICTINE MONASTERY IN BŘEVNOV

Archaeological research of the Benedictine Monastery compound was carried out several times. The excavations in the eastern part of the church, which lasted for nearly ten years (starting in 1965), brought the most significant discovery. A layout of…

BURIAL GROUND, EXECUTION GROUND, AND ST MATTHEW CHAPEL ON LORETÁNSKÉ SQUARE

In the past, the narrative sources not only associated the area of the current Loretánské Square with supernatural phenomena, which were connected with the beginnings of Christianity in Bohemia, but also with drastic stories indicating that one of…