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HOSTIVAŘ HILLFORT

Early Iron Age hillfort

The existence of the Hostivař Hillfort has been known since the early 20th century. It is situated on a flat, nearly rectangular hillock slightly descending from east to west. Steep slopes, encircled by the Botič Stream on the south, west, and north…

JEWISH GARDEN

A Jewish cemetery, in the Middle Ages referred to as a Jewish garden, encompassed two extensive New Town blocks within Spálená, Purkyňová, Jungmannova, and Lazarská Streets. The earliest information about its existence is traditionally associated…

DOMINICAN MONASTERY OF SAINT CLEMENT

A small church of Saint Clement was situated near the Old Town end of Judith Bridge. The Dominicans, also known as the Friars Preachers, who settled at Saint Clement’s Church at Na Poříčí shortly after their arrival in Prague (1225/1226),…

NEW CASTLE NEAR KUNRATICE

The New Castle near Kunratice is a uniquely preserved medieval castle structure in Prague. It was built by Wenceslaus IV, King of Bohemia and King of the Romans (1361–1419), on the apt promontory northwest to Kunratice village. The…

KOTLÁŘOVSKÝ HOUSE WITH THE JUDITH BRIDGE REMAINS

Remains of the Romanesque Bridge and Paving

The location of the house and its closest vicinity is associated with Judith Bridge – a prominent building technology monument which has not survived. Vladislaus II, Duke and later King of Bohemia, and his wife Judith of Thuringia initiated…

ANGEL’S COLLEGE ROMANESQUE HOUSE

The three-storeyed house is one of the first recognised Romanesque houses which, in the time of its discovery, was exceptionally well preserved. The history of the house may be tracked to 1383 when it was in the possession of the All Saints…

EARLY MEDIEVAL FORTIFICATION AND NORTHERN WING OF PRAGUE CASTLE

The first fortification elements, transverse moats, were first discovered in the northern wing of the castle and may be related to its historical beginnings in the second half of the 9th century. The moats appear to have been complemented by a…

CHURCH OF THE VIRGIN MARY

According to historical sources, the Church of the Virgin Mary is the first sacral structure in Prague. Bořivoj, the first historically recorded Bohemian prince, probably founded it in 885. Over time, it has attracted the attention of everybody…

THE BENEDICTINE MONASTERY IN BŘEVNOV

Archaeological research of the Benedictine Monastery compound was carried out several times. The excavations in the eastern part of the church, which lasted for nearly ten years (starting in 1965), brought the most significant discovery. A layout of…

BURIAL GROUND, EXECUTION GROUND, AND ST MATTHEW CHAPEL ON LORETÁNSKÉ SQUARE

In the past, the narrative sources not only associated the area of the current Loretánské Square with supernatural phenomena, which were connected with the beginnings of Christianity in Bohemia, but also with drastic stories indicating that one of…

CONVENT OF THE ORDER OF SAINT MARY MAGDALENE AND CHURCH OF SAINT MARY MAGDALENE

Discovery and Presentation of the Vanished Medieval Church

The Convent of the Order of Saint Mary Magdalene in the Lesser Town is one of the religious institutions that disappeared during the Middle Ages. The existence of the monastic community in the Lesser Town dates from 1315–1320. Archaeological…