The area of Prague is the only archaeological site that is practically continuous and enshrines a huge amount of archaeological findings – traces of the existence and life of our ancestors from the recent and distant past which provide evidence of historical moments and events. In addition to the discoveries of prehistoric settlements and burial grounds of the Stone, Bronze, and Iron Ages, archaeology provides irreplaceable sources of information to learn about an important milestone in the history and development of the Prague basin settlement – the origin of Prague and Prague Castle as the centre of the Bohemian state in the Early Middle Ages, the future expansion of the settlement, and finally the foundation and development of the towns of Prague – Lesser Town, Old Town, and New Town which form the heart of Prague up to the present.
The in situ (in the original place) archaeological findings which have survived are the most authentic ones. Some are open to the public while others preserved in non-public places are accessible only on exceptional occasions, and many remain hidden beneath the current surface of the city. Fragmentary remains of residential houses, production facilities, burial grounds, and sometimes constructions of medieval houses, religious structures, and fortifications remain in the historical core of Prague and its environs. Many authentic structures may still be admired at the Prague Castle and Vyšehrad compounds as well as in the remarkable compounds of prehistoric and early medieval fortification centres beyond the borders of Prague – e.g. the Šárka Valley, Zámka and Butovice hillforts, and many others. Among the less striking ones are the remains of medieval villages (e.g. the vanished Hol Village).
What do you find here?
The praha-archeologicka.cz portal provides a wide range of information about the manifold archaeological monuments and sites in the City of Prague. Two categories of information form the section Discover Prague Archaeology. It includes Trip Tips – a selection of interesting archaeological monuments and sites as well as tips for short or long Walks in the City and its nearby environs. Presentations provide basic information for both categories. In addition to the description, importance, pictures, and links to the sources, the presentations on trip or walk tips include accessibility information; the category of walks further offers a rough itinerary.
How are data depicted?
The data in the Discover Prague Archaeology may be displayed as an abstract on the data display page (DATA page) or by graphic symbols referring to the presentation type in map materials (MAP page). The category of monuments within the trip tips section is commonly accompanied with presentations completed with picture and text documentation, geographical coordinates, simple icons characterising the type, date, and/or importance of the monument, and references to further information sources. The walks include tour lines with points of interest and basic characteristics from the presentation.
How to search and sort data?
There are several criteria for searching the Discover Prague Archaeology section. The trip tips may be interconnected with the place of discovery and specific archaeological research. The selection may be done in the both data and map windows by clicking on a funnel symbol at the relevant layer. A menu opens up to search according to required criteria (text, name of the author, or theme tags).